Pesticides Without Pesticides

Light trap (Light Trap) is a unit of tools to capture or attract insects. So it can be known the existence or number of insect populations on agricultural land. Insects caught are insects that are attracted to light at night. There are several types of traps for insects. The selection of trap types to be used depends on the conditions and objectives you want to know. Trap lights are placed in the middle of rice fields (farmland) on the edge of the embankment. The location of the light trap can be adjusted to the condition of the place, because this tool use lights that require a source of electricity, which comes from the solar cell. Six units of trap lamps as monitoring can be used for 30 ha area, while for control of 5 ha. The light are lit evry day from 6 pm to 6 am, catches taken every morning and then observed the type and number of captured insects.

     Review by a team of Balingtan very important to ensure ligth trap condition is still functioning properly. Ligth trap monitoring functions as well as pest control, farmers can increase production. Preventing proper pests and diseases and minimizing negative impacts on biotic organisms as natural enemies is an important priority in control.

The impacts caused by pest and disease attacks cause good losses to the economic value of production, growth and development of crops, as well as farmers as cultivators of crops with crop failure and declining quality and quantity of crops. This is due to competition for the seizure of nutrients and minerals, water, sunlight, plant physiology, growth and development of plants are hampered by pests and diseases. Installation of light trap in accordance with the provisions Balingtan already beginning where the installation is located in the middle field, only the installation area is in the fields that are not too large. After checking all the tools can work properly as lights that serve to catch insects. This trap lights for both monitoring and control. As early detection of brown plant hopper immigrants and rice stem borer moths so it can be known the arrival of immigrant pests and peak catches population of a pest. Recommendation time of seedling or planting is 15 days after peak catch. For control of rice stem borer, 4 days after the flight (catch) was done spraying insecticide.

At the time of land conditions are processing the soil, light traps are used continuously to monitor the development of insect pest populations, especially brown planthopper and stem borer. The insects can be caught include the brown planthopper (adult makroptera), rice stem borer moth, mole-cricket (dog dirt), bedbug ground (Scotinophara coarctata), Coccinella Sp, Paederus Sp, Sp Ophionea, etc. Pest insects trapped after observed then destroyed while natural enemy insects such as beetles Coccinella, Paederus Sp, Ophionea SP, etc. can be released back into the land. Crop protection is part of crop cultivation system that aims to limit the yield loss due to pest attack to a minimum, so as to obtain good quality and quantity of production.


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