Easy Steps of Bees Honey as a Producing Hobby
Honey is a food that has a high nutritional content and is very beneficial to the body of people who regularly consume them. The healthiest food in the world we can get easily from the honey bee farmers directly or buy it in stores that sell herbs and the like.
However, often we find sometimes purchased honey is not 100% pure or mixed with other additives such as sugar and so forth. Of course this results in nutrient content in the honey is reduced or even disappear altogether and feared could even damage the body's metabolism.
Therefore, if needed we can make honey bee itself so that we can get direct benefit from the activity. The real result is at least 100% pure honey from nature without a mixture of any substance. Then, how the honey bee is right and correct?
Honey Bee Bee Success Requirements
You must ensure that the honeybees will get enough food from natural food sources such as citrus fruit or mango plants, from flowers, beans, and other crops.
Avoid honey bees in agricultural areas that use too much pesticides or other chemicals. This is so the bees contaminated with the chemical substances during their life so that they can breed well and produce a good honey.
Benefits or Benefits of Bees Honey
There are several benefits that we can get when raising honey bees in the yard or in the right place to do it, as follows:
Able to increase family income.
Good food for sick people, children, and people who work hard.
Can be used as a substitute for sugar.
In an emergency, can be used as a wound medicine.
If the honeycomb is melted, we can get a pure candle. Can be used for batik and sold for cosmetic ingredients.
Helps pollinate plants and helps increase production.
Constraints Faced When Bees Honey
Honey bees are not as visible, just make a bee house, enter colonies, and then harvest honey.Not to mention if we want honey bees to be one buffer of the household economy, certainly needed effort, cost, and extra hard patience.
Different if the honey bee honey is only used as a hobby, enough with one to five boxes we can already enjoy the results without too much thinking behind the capital and so forth, such as common obstacles often experienced by the following honey farmers.
1. Natural / Weather Factors
Several years back there was an incident that made the beekeepers honey had been rolled out mats. In general, the cause of their losses due to unforeseen natural conditions will occur before. As in the year 2013 where the rainy season back 2 months. This resulted in only a few farmers who harvest honey, which is the most widely marketed honey.
2. Community Environment
Honey bee breeders abroad are sought after by garden managers because the bees they cultivate help pollinate the plants in their garden. Of course it increases the yield of the plantation and the honeybee growers also get a reward from it. Unlike the Indonesian people who mostly consider the honey bee farmer as a pest for the plants in his garden. Some even throw honeybees that happen to enter the plantation area or if they are allowed to rent an expensive land.
3. Pests on Honey Bees
In addition to the above two things, the development of honey bees is also inhibited by the presence of pests that disrupt the honey bee. These pests include:
Tabuhan / Tawon, honey bee predator.
Lizard, damaging the honeycomb.
Ants, in large quantities can repel the bee colony.
Moth Candle, damaging the honeycomb.
Mites, being parasites to bees.
Birds, Lizards, and Frogs, honeybee predators.
Rats, seize honey and damage the comb.
Honey Bee Taxonomy
After fulfilling the main requirements for honey bees and all the equipment to make the nest has been prepared, it helps us know the 3 types of honeybees with their respective roles. In a family or honey bee colony these three types of bees will always be there.
1. Queen Bee
The role of the female honeybee is very important in the survival of a bee colony. The queen bee can lay eggs with the amount of about a thousand eggs in one day. Before laying eggs, queen bees will usually come out of the nest to mate.
Eggs from the fertilized queens of queens will become more workers or queen bees, while the male bees are born from unfertilized eggs. The queen bee never searched for food because he got a special meal from worker bees. Over the span of 4-6 years, the queen bee is able to build a large colony.
The physical characteristics of the queen bee can be seen from her long stomach, even much longer than her wings. His chest is also larger than the worker bee and has a round head. There is only one queen bee in every bee family.
If there is a second queen, there will be a fight between the two and stop until one of them goes from the nest or dies.
2. Worker Bees
The physical characteristics of a worker bee that is, have a triangular head, rear legs covered with long fur. This feather serves to store pollen. In addition, the worker bee's body is smaller than the queen bee or bee. In each bee colony there are approximately 30 thousand bees of workers in it.
Cleaning the nest,
Keeping the nest from enemy attacks,
Build a nest,
Feeding the queen bee and bee,
Collect pollen, nectar, and water.
3. Male Bees
The duty of a male bee is to marry the queen bee. The physical characteristics of the male bee is a large-eyed eye that comes into contact on its head. Has a large body, somewhat similar to the queen bee but slightly slimmer.
Make a Bee House
We can make honeycomb from tools and materials that need to be prepared below. Starting from the simple and if already formed a large colony, could have made a better bee house later.
Saws (may be chainsaw or chainsaw),
The bee knives
Mask (head covering), and
Honey bee colony
Nails 2.5cm in size
Rope or plastic
Boards (can be logs or used oil cans)