Easy Steps of Bees Honey as a Producing Hobby

       Honey is a food that has a high nutritional content and is very beneficial to the body of people who regularly consume them. The healthiest food in the world we can get easily from the honey bee farmers directly or buy it in stores that sell herbs and the like.

            However, often we find sometimes purchased honey is not 100% pure or mixed with other additives such as sugar and so forth. Of course this results in nutrient content in the honey is reduced or even disappear altogether and feared could even damage the body's metabolism.

      Therefore, if needed we can make honey bee itself so that we can get direct benefit from the activity. The real result is at least 100% pure honey from nature without a mixture of any substance. Then, how the honey bee is right and correct?

Honey Bee Bee Success Requirements

  • You must ensure that the honeybees will get enough food from natural food sources such as citrus fruit or mango plants, from flowers, beans, and other crops.

  • Avoid honey bees in agricultural areas that use too much pesticides or other chemicals. This is so the bees contaminated with the chemical substances during their life so that they can breed well and produce a good honey.

Benefits or Benefits of Bees Honey

      There are several benefits that we can get when raising honey bees in the yard or in the right place to do it, as follows:

  • Able to increase family income.

  • Good food for sick people, children, and people who work hard.

  • Can be used as a substitute for sugar.

  • In an emergency, can be used as a wound medicine.

  • If the honeycomb is melted, we can get a pure candle. Can be used for batik and sold for cosmetic ingredients.

  • Helps pollinate plants and helps increase production.

  Constraints Faced When Bees Honey

     Honey bees are not as visible, just make a bee house, enter colonies, and then harvest honey.Not to mention if we want honey bees to be one buffer of the household economy, certainly needed effort, cost, and extra hard patience. 

           Different if the honey bee honey is only used as a hobby, enough with one to five boxes we can already enjoy the results without too much thinking behind the capital and so forth, such as common obstacles often experienced by the following honey farmers.

1. Natural / Weather Factors

      Several years back there was an incident that made the beekeepers honey had been rolled out mats. In general, the cause of their losses due to unforeseen natural conditions will occur before. As in the year 2013 where the rainy season back 2 months. This resulted in only a few farmers who harvest honey, which is the most widely marketed honey.

2. Community Environment


          Honey bee breeders abroad are sought after by garden managers because the bees they cultivate help pollinate the plants in their garden. Of course it increases the yield of the plantation and the honeybee growers also get a reward from it. Unlike the Indonesian people who mostly consider the honey bee farmer as a pest for the plants in his garden. Some even throw honeybees that happen to enter the plantation area or if they are allowed to rent an expensive land.

3. Pests on Honey Bees

      In addition to the above two things, the development of honey bees is also inhibited by the presence of pests that disrupt the honey bee. These pests include:

  • Tabuhan / Tawon, honey bee predator.

  • Lizard, damaging the honeycomb.

  • Ants, in large quantities can repel the bee colony.

  • Moth Candle, damaging the honeycomb.

  • Mites, being parasites to bees.

  • Birds, Lizards, and Frogs, honeybee predators.

  • S Butterflies, hatched caterpillars can damage the comb.

  • Rats, seize honey and damage the comb.

Honey Bee Taxonomy

          After fulfilling the main requirements for honey bees and all the equipment to make the nest has been prepared, it helps us know the 3 types of honeybees with their respective roles. In a family or honey bee colony these three types of bees will always be there.

1. Queen Bee 

     The role of the female honeybee is very important in the survival of a bee colony. The queen bee can  lay eggs with the amount of about a thousand eggs in one day. Before laying eggs, queen bees will usually come out of the nest to mate.

     Eggs from the fertilized queens of queens will become more workers or queen bees, while the male bees are born from unfertilized eggs. The queen bee never searched for food because he got a special meal from worker bees. Over the span of 4-6 years, the queen bee is able to build a large colony.

      The physical characteristics of the queen bee can be seen from her long stomach, even much longer than her wings. His chest is also larger than the worker bee and has a round head. There is only one queen bee in every bee family.

       If there is a second queen, there will be a fight between the two and stop until one of them goes from the nest or dies.

2. Worker Bees

The physical characteristics of a worker bee that is, have a triangular head, rear legs covered with long fur. This feather serves to store pollen. In addition, the worker bee's body is smaller than the queen bee or bee. In each bee colony there are approximately 30 thousand bees of workers in it.

The duties of these worker bees include:

  • Cleaning the nest,

  • Keeping the nest from enemy attacks,

  • Build a nest,

  • Feeding the queen bee and bee,

  • Collect pollen, nectar, and water.


3. Male Bees

           The duty of a male bee is to marry the queen bee. The physical characteristics of the male bee is a large-eyed eye that comes into contact on its head. Has a large body, somewhat similar to the queen bee but slightly slimmer.

Make a Bee House

            We can make honeycomb from tools and materials that need to be prepared below. Starting from the simple and if already formed a large colony, could have made a better bee house later.

Tools Required

  1. Saws (may be chainsaw or chainsaw),

  1. The bee knives

  1. Fork bees

  1. Zink scissors

  1. Hammer

  1. Mask (head covering), and

  1. Smoker (smoker).

Necessary materials

  1. Honey bee colony

  1. Nails 2.5cm in size

  1. Rope or plastic

  1. Wire netting

  1. Boards (can be logs or used oil cans)

Simple Bee House

       This bee house we can make from bamboo petung, a round log, used oil cans, or wooden crates. If  we use a round wood / bamboo, try to have a diameter of approximately 30 cm. Lubangi the wood first but still keep both sides closed. Do not forget to split on the side slightly down. This is done so that we can check the condition of the honeycomb and can break it if it contains honey.

       For the way out of the bee, make 1-3 holes on one side of the wood. At the time will be used later this bee house can be hung by tied to the hemisphere was to be avoided from the threat of other animals. Similarly, round wood or bamboo, cans or used oil drums can also be used with first cut the bottom. Clean the cans or drums from oils that are still sticking to not poison the bees later.



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